Four years ago the American Canoe Association (ACA) sued to keep the Buckeye Paper Mill permit process moving along. In March, a federal judge finally ordered EPA to stop delaying. The Buckeye Paper Mill currently takes all the water from the Fenholloway River, uses it in its mill, then dumps the toxic effluent back into the river. In addition, Buckeye operates under an outdated permit issued in 1984 for an industrial river. This permit expired in 1989, but because EPA and Florida DEP never issued a new permit, Buckeye continues to operate under this outdated permit and continues to dump toxic pollutants into the Fenholloway River. As a result, Buckeye fails to meet Clean Water Act standards for several pollutants, including dioxin, a toxic and carcinogenic byproduct of the paper producing process. Rather than clean up after itself, Buckeye proposed to build a 15-mile pipeline that would dump the mill’s effluent into the Gulf of Mexico rather than the river. Not only did this proposal fail to bring Buckeye’s effluent levels into compliance, but it also essentially eliminated the flow of the Fenholloway for miles. On March 31, federal district court judge Emmet Sullivan ruled that EPA’s four-year delay is unreasonable and ordered ACA and EPA to file briefs addressing the appropriate remedy to the “river in a pipe” permit matter.